Thailand UAV Drone Regulations & Laws

Thailand new drone laws & Regulations

Thailand UAV Drone Regulations & Laws


UPDATE June 2017
All drones with camera must be registered. All Drone Pilots must have Drone Public Liability Insurance.
Links:
https://www.caat.or.th/en (latest CAAT anouncements)
https://www.caat.or.th/wp-
https://www.caat.or.th/th/archives/21228 (Drone registration application form - Thai language only)

Good article with overview:(April 2017): https://drone-traveller.com/drone-laws-thailand/


From recreational to commercial use, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones as they are commonly known, are growing rapidly in popularity the world over. They also are becoming increasingly advanced with the use of more complex technology.

UAVs are already used by the media and those involved in film and television production. The video capture capabilities of UAVs are also being utilized for a variety of other commercial and industrial purposes, including aerial surveys for real estate, insurance, agricultural and infrastructure related companies. The potential use of such equipment in autonomous logistics, including general parcel or package delivery, has also been widely reported.

In order to keep pace with their popularity and ever more advanced technology, a number of countries have recently enacted laws and regulations related to the responsible use of UAVs. On 27 August 2015, new regulation related to the use of drones in Thailand was published in the Government Gazette with it taking effect the following day.

New Regulations

The Minister of Transportation enacted a new Notification of the Ministry of Transportation Re Rules to Apply for License and Conditions to Control and Launch the Unmanned Airborne Vehicles, Type Outside Controlled Airborne Vehicles  B.E. 2558 (A.D. 2015) ("Notification"), which was announced in the Government Gazette on 27 August 2015 and became effective on 28 August 2015. The Notification provides that an individual launching a UAV without first obtaining the appropriate license is subject to imprisonment for a term up to one year and/or a fine up to THB 40,000 (approx. USD 1,100) pursuant to the Air Navigation Act B.E. 2497 (A.D. 1954).
General Narrative 

There are two types of drones or unmanned aerial vehicles:

CATEGORY 1: Used for hobby or other recreational use such as entertainment or sport.
CATEGORY 2: Used for TV news, movie making etc

If you have a drone in Category 1 that weighs less than two kilos and you are 18 years or older, than you don’t need permission to fly from the Ministry of Transport. But, you do need to obey the following rules:

1. Before flight
(a) Check that the drone and remote control is in a good condition to fly
(b) You have permission from the owner of the land where you wish to fly
(c) You have checked the environment and airspace of the location you are flying
(d) You have an emergency plan in case of an accident

2. During the flight
(a) It is forbidden to fly in a way that may cause harm to the life, property and peace of others.
(b) It is forbidden to fly in restricted zones as announced in “Aeronautical Information Publication – Thailand” and also at government buildings and hospitals unless permission is given.
(c) The take-off and landing must not be obstructed by anything
(d) You must keep the drone in line-of-sight at all times and not rely on the monitor or other devices
(e) You can only fly between sunrise and sunset when the drone can clearly be seen
(f) It is forbidden to fly in or near clouds
(g) It is forbidden to fly within nine kilometres of an airport or in the flight path unless you have permission from aircraft control.
(h) It is forbidden to fly higher than ninety metres above the ground.
(i) It is forbidden to fly over cities, villages, communities or areas where people are gathered.
(j) Do not fly near other aircraft that have pilots
(k) Do not violate the privacy rights of others
(l) Do not cause a nuisance to others
(m) Do not mount anything dangerous or lasers on the drone
(n) It is forbidden to fly closer than 30 meters to people, vehicles or buildings

If your drone is in Category 1 but weighs more than two kilos but less than 25 kilos, you must be at least twenty years of age, not a threat to national security and never been imprisoned. You must also have a license to fly from the Director General of the Department of Civil Aviation. You have to follow the rules as outlined above but in addition you must have more knowledge about drone maintenance and safety and aircraft rules. You must have emergency equipment on hand such as fire extinguisher. You also must have third party insurance of not less than one million Baht. Finally, in the list above, clause (n) the distance between drone and people, buildings, cars etc cannot be less than 50 metres. If you have an accident, you must inform authorities immediately.

Drones in Category 2 have to be licensed and insured and obey the rules the same as drones in Category 1 that are heavier than two kilos.

Courtesy of Richard Barrow


RECREATIONAL USE
Class 1A - recreational under 2kg
See original document in Thai language here



Up to AUWUp to 2kg 
VLOSVLOS
Day/NightDaylight
VFR/IFRAway from cloud
Must yield right of wayYes
Max altitude (AG)50m
Aerodrome Traffic Zone9 km away from airport and its flight path
No Fly ZonesNot within no fly or restricted zones as defined in AICs or NOTAMs
min age18
people30m
Assembly of people30m
buildings30m
Congested or Urban Area30m
Air worthiness certificateMust check aircraft and that the flight can be completed safely. Must make survey of the area, and make plans in case of failure
Additional items to be aware ofSome talk of further revisions to come


                                                            RECREATIONAL USE
Class 1B - recreational 2kg to 25kg 
See original document in Thai language here

Up to AUW2kg to 25kg
VLOSVLOS
Day/NightDaylight
VFR/IFRAway from cloud
Must yield right of wayYes
Max altitude (AG)50m
Aerodrome Traffic Zone9 km away from airport and its flight path
No Fly ZonesNot within no fly or restricted zones as defined in AICs or NOTAMs
min age20
people30m
Assembly of people30m
buildings50m and must be able to clear the area in event of failure
Congested or Urban Area30m
InsuranceRequired at least 1 million baht
Air worthiness certificateMust check aircraft and that the flight can be completed safely. Must make survey of the area, and make plans in case of failure
RegistrationMust be registered. Must have documents with them
Additional items to be aware ofSome talk of further revisions to come

The controller or launcher must comply with the provided terms in the Notification, namely, among others, that:
  • The controller or launcher of the UAV must be older than 20 years of age
  • Must not be a person who acts against national security
  • Must never have been imprisoned under the laws on narcotics or Customs
  • Must have applied for a license to be a controller or launcher of the UAV from the Ministry of Transportation.
  • Do not infringe on the privacy of others

COMMERCIAL USE
Class 2 - Commercial
See original document in Thai language here

Up to AUW25kg
VLOSVLOS
Day/NightDaylight
VFR/IFRAway from cloud
Must yield right of wayYes
Max altitude (AG)50m
Aerodrome Traffic Zone9 km away from airport and its flight path
No Fly ZonesNot within no fly or restricted zones as defined in AICs or NOTAMs
min age20
people30m
Assembly of people30m
buildings50m and must be able to clear the area in event of failure
Congested or Urban Area30m
InsuranceRequired at least 1 million baht
Air worthiness certificateAirworthiness and conditions are set on a case-by-case basis
RegistrationMust be registered
Operating permissionMust apply for permission
Additional items to be aware ofSome talk of further revisions to come

Furthermore:
For purposes other than (1) where its weight does not exceed 25 kg

a) For reporting incidents or traffic-related matters (i.e. mass media),

b) For photographing or filming,

c) For research and development of airborne vehicles,

d) For other purposes:

The controller or launcher: 
  • Must be a business operator in a related category (i.e. mass media, film production) 
  • Must apply for a license to be a controller or launcher of the UAV from the Ministry of Transportation. 
  • The controller or launcher must comply with the provided terms in the Notification which apply to the UAV for the purpose of recreation (e.g. as a hobby, entertainment or sport) where its weight is more than 2 kg but not exceeding 25 kg.

Although the Notification became effective on 28 August 2015, the readiness of authorities to deal with procedures in regard to the issuance of licenses is unclear. To date, there are no clear instructions for prospective applicants to follow, nor are there any internal policies or guidelines governing the procedures in which to examine license applicants.

It is expected that internal guidelines which detail these procedures, as well as setting out clear time frames and definitions of the terms used in the Notification, will be issued in the near future.

Source: http://f.datasrvr.com/fr1/315/77840/New_Laws_for_Use_of_UAVs_Drones_in_Thailand.pdf

Where to Get More Information

Panuwat Promdan, Mr.
International Cooperation Bureau
Office of the Permanent Secretary
Ministry of Transport
Bangkok
THAILAND
panuwat.p.mot@gmail.com
panuwat.p@mot.go.th
Telephone: 022870320 ext 2422


Ċ
Shayne L. van Vlerken,
May 2, 2016, 8:37 PM
Ċ
Shayne L. van Vlerken,
May 2, 2016, 8:43 PM
Ċ
Shayne L. van Vlerken,
May 2, 2016, 8:51 PM